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Bachelor of Science (B.Sc.) in Forestry

In addition to producing high level technical professionals, the IOF-PC has also set itself the goal of producing well equipped and skilled mid-level human to contribute efficiently to natural resource conservation and management. In order to achieve this goal, it runs B.Sc. in Forestry program, offering courses pertinent to various disciplines of natural resource management.

Course Duration and Academic Session

B.Sc. Forestry is a four-year long program. Students have to take courses in seven semesters of their study and, in the eighth semester, they have to carry out research and write a research (project) paper or work on internship in the area of their interest and specialization. Each student is guided by an advisor assigned by the IOF-PC to guide his/her research or internship.

Student Intake

 A total of 80 seats per year are available in B.Sc. Forestry program of study at the IOF-PC. These seats are allocated as indicated in the table below:

Allocation of seats

Allocated Areas No. of Seats
General 30
Female 4
Capitation Self-financing 38
WWF Funded 1
Government Department/s 4
Remote area 1
IOF-PC Staff General 1
Capitation 1
Total 80


Admission Requirements

Students with Intermediate of Science (I.Sc.), Technical Certificate Level (TCL) in Forestry, Diploma in Forestry, +2 in Science, A-level or equivalent degree with at least 100-full-mark-courses in mathematics and biology and a minimum of 50% marks in aggregate can apply for admission into the Bachelor of Science in Forestry Program. Students aspiring to get admission into the B.Sc. Forestry program have to get through an entrance examination conducted by the IOF and are selected on their merit scores.


Admission Procedure

Interested and eligible candidates can apply for admission into the B.Sc. Forestry program by filling out the prescribed application forms and submitting the documents and credentials as mentioned below. Applicants can obtain application forms by paying an application processing and entrance examination fee of NPR1500.00 (subject to change). The completed application forms along with the documents and credentials must be submitted by the deadline notified.


Required Documents and Credentials

 Copies of academic transcripts. In case an applicant is a graduate of a university other than Tribhuvan University, he/she has to submit a certificate of migration and a certificate of recognition and equivalence of his/her educational qualification from Curriculum Development Centre, TU.

  1. A copy if Character Certificate
  2. A copy of Citizenship certificate
  3. Three recent passport sized photographs
  4. In case of IOF staff seats, a no objection letter from the Campus Chief for application submission and an official nomination letter from the IOF for admission.
  5. In case of ‘government department seats’, pre-approval letters for application submission and letters of nomination for admission. These letters must be from the candidates’ concerned departments.

Note: A candidate applying for the remote area seat must be a citizen of a remote district of class “A” according to government’s classification and must have passed SLC examination from a public school of the same district.


Entrance Examination

Applicants have to take a two-hour long entrance examination of 100 full marks, testing their knowledge of English, mathematics, forestry, and science (physics, chemistry, botany, and zoology). The questions asked in this examination are of multiple choice objective types, based on +2 level Science and TCL level forestry courses. Full marks for the examination are allocated as follows:


Subjects No. of questions Full Marks
English 20 20
Mathematics 20 20
Forestry 20 20
Science 40 40
Total 100


An applicant must secure a minimum of 40% marks to pass the test. The final merit list of applicants will be prepared by adding 20% of the total marks obtained in the I. Sc. examination to 80% of the marks obtained in the entrance examination. Names of candidates who pass the entrance test will appear in the result list in merit order, on the basis of which candidates are selected for admission.


Evaluation and Examination System

Students’ learning and performance is assessed through formative and summative evaluation methods. Formative assessment techniques that are used to monitor student learning during the learning process include informal techniques (e.g., written reflections, polls/surveys, checks for understanding, etc.) and formal techniques (e.g., quizzes, problems solving activities, class deliverables, etc.). Summative assessment techniques that are used to measure the extent of students’ learning outcomes include mid-term exams (internal assessments), final exams, project papers and presentations, portfolios. To pass the examination, students must secure 40% marks in theory (separately in both final & internal), and in field training. A statement of marks is issued to each student after the result is published. Students who do not pass in the regular semester examination can appear in the makeup examination.


Attendance Requirement

 Students must attend at least 70% of the theory and practical classes in each subject. Failure to fulfill this requirement will disqualify a student from appearing in the final examination.


Award of Degree and Transcript of Academic Records

When a student has fulfilled all the requirements prescribed by the course curriculum, s/he is awarded the degree of B.Sc. in Forestry. An academic transcript is issued by the Controller of Examinations of Tribhuvan University to individual students who have met all requirements. The academic standard of that individual student will be based on the cumulative percentage of marks secured in all examinations. The grading is as follows:


Grade                                           Description

Distinction                                     75% or over

First Division                                 60% to less than 75%

Second Division                             45% to less than 60%

Pass                                              40% to less than 45 %


Design and Delivery of Curriculum

 Based on the need survey and in order to produce graduates who can meet not only national but also global requirements, the IOF has been constantly revising its curricula in consultation with stakeholders. To design and/or revise its curricula, the Subject Committees of the IOF draft and propose the curricula to the Faculty Board of the IOF, which, after critical discussion and necessary modification, submits them to the Academic Council of the Tribhuvan University for final approval. Approved course curricula are implemented through the Departments of the IOF Campuses.


Course Codes

BSH:   Basic Science and Humanities

FPE:    Forest Products and Engineering

PWM:  Park Recreation and Wildlife Management

SFB:    Silviculture and Forest Biology

SFM:   Social Forestry and Forest Management

WME: Watershed Management and Environmental Science


Credit Hours

 A “credit hour” is the unit of measuring educational credit, usually based on the number of classroom hours per week throughout a semester. Each course is assigned certain weightage in terms of full marks. A one credit hour course carries 25 marks and it will be taught in 20 lecture hours. A student has to attain a total of 140 credit hours to get B.Sc. in Forestry Degree.


Core Courses

Students enrolled for B.Sc. in Forestry are expected to study and pass all the subjects prescribed in the curriculum. Core courses are major subjects related to Forestry, Soil Conservation and Wildlife.


Elective Courses

Elective courses are designed and delivered to expose more in certain areas of Forestry.  Students of fourth year first semester will have an opportunity to select two courses offered by a Department of the IOF-PC as elective courses as per their interest. Departments announce elective courses that they will offer in the beginning of the academic year (session). Students must meet all requirements as prescribed by the concerned department.


Project Paper and Student’s Seminar

To develop knowledge and skills in research works, students in fourth year second semester are required to work on their project papers or internship based on their interest and specialization. Students are encouraged to conduct original research works based on the burning issues in forestry and natural resource management aspects. Each student will be assigned an advisor to guide his/her study. An advisor will guide his/her advisee and grade the students’ work as an internal examiner. Project / internship report will also be evaluated by external experts of that subject. On completion of project/internship, students are expected to present their works in prescheduled student seminar. Students’ research projects / internship are financed by students themselves or various national and international organizations.

BSc Thesis Defense Seminar1


Field Training and Educational Tours

In order to provide field exposure and hands-on experience, students are frequently taken to the outside camping for field training. Students visit various research stations, educational institutions, experimental and demonstration plots.

Tribhuvan University

Institute of Forestry

B.Sc. Forestry Curriculum

1st Year 1st Semester
Course Code Course Title Full Marks Credit Hours
BSH 301 Forest Botany and Genetics 50 2
BSH 302 Communication and Technical English 50 2
BSH 303 Forest Zoology & Mammalogy 50 2
BSH 304 Mathematics for Forestry 50 2
BSH 305 Economics 50 2
BSH 306 Wood Chemistry 50 2
PWM 307 Biodiversitv Conservation & Ecotourism 50 2
SFM 308 Forest Mensuration I 75 3
Total Credit Hours 17

1st Year 2nd  Semester

Course Code Course Title Full Marks Credit Hours
FPE 35 1 Forest Surveying 75 3
WME 352 Global Environment & Climate Change 50 2
PWM 353 Wildlife Biology 75 3
SFM 354 Forest Management I 50 2
SFM 355 Fores Etxtensio and Education 75 3
SFM 356 Gender & Social  Inclusion (GESI) in NRM 50 2
BSH 357 Geophysics 50 2
SFB 358 Tree Physiology 50 2
SF’M3 59 Field Trip 24 1
Total Credit Hours 20

2nd Year 1st Semester

Course Code Course Title Full Marks Credit Hours
BSH 401 Forest Statistics 75 3
WME 402 Soil Science 75 3
PWM 403 Wildlife Conservation and Management 75 3
SFM 404 Forest Law and Policy 50 2
SFB 405 Agroforestry 50 2
SFB 406 Silviculture 50 2
WME 407 Environmental Science 50 2
WME 408 Geology for Forestry 75 3
Total Credit Hours 20

2nd Year 2nd Semester


Course Code


Course Title Full Marks Credit Hours
WME 451 Photogrammetry & Remote Sensing 75 3
WME 452 Forest Hydrology 50 2
SFM   453 Forest Resource Economics 75 3
SFM  454 Forest Mensuration II 75 3
FPE 455 Forest Harvesting & Logging 50 2
SFB 456 Tree Improvement & Silviculture 50 2
SFB 457 Forest  Ecology 50 2
PWM 458 Tourism and Recreation 75 3
Total Credit Hours 20

3rd Year 1st Semester

Course Code Course Title Full Marks Credit Hours
FPE 5O1 Forest Products Utilization 50 2
WME 502 Introductory GIS 50 2
WME 503 Soil and Water Conservation Engineering 50 2
SFM  504 REDD Forestry and Climate Change 50 2
SFM  505 Community Based Forest Management 50 2
SFM5 06 Experimental Design for Forestry 50 2
SFB5 07 Forest Protection 50 2
FPE 508 Forest Engineering 75 3
Total Credit Hours 17

3rd Year  2nd Semester

Course Code Course Title Full Marks Credit Hours
FPE  551 Non Timber Forest Products 50 2
WME 552 Watershed Management 50 2
WME 553 Range Management 50 2
PWM 554 Conservation Biology 75 3
SFM 555 Forest Management II 75 3
SFM 556 Project Management 50 2
SFB 557 Advance Silviculture 50 2
SFM 558 Field Training 50 2
Total Credit Hours 18


4th Year 1st Semester
Course Code Course Title Full Marks Credit Hours
WME 601 Mountain Environment and Development 50 2
PWM 602 Protected Area Management 75 3
SFM 603 Research Methodology 50 2
SFM 604 Community Forestry 75 3
SFM 605 Field Training 50 2
Sub Total 12
Select any two from the following Elective Subjects
WME 601 Biochemistry 75 3
FPE 607 Introduction to Computer Programming 75 3
FPE 608 Wood Science and Technology 75 3
FPE 609 Alternative Energy 75 3
WME 610 Remote Sensing and GIS Application in NRM 75 3
WME 611 Environmental Chemistry 75 3
PWM 612 Ornithology and Mammalogy 75 3
SFM 613 Urban Forestry 75 3
Total Credit Hours 18

4th Year 2nd  Semester

Course Code Course Title Full Marks Credit Hours
SFM 651 Student Project/Internship Proposal Presentation 25 1
SFM 652 Project Paper /Internship* 200 8
SFM 653 Seminar 25 1
Total Credit Hours 10
Grand Total 3500 140


*Project Paper /Internship

For a partial fulfilment of the requirements for B. Sc. Forestry degree, all students must work on their research project paper or internship. Students are encouraged to conduct original research work based on their interests. Project papers will be finalized in coordination with campus administration on recommendation of respective student’s supervisor. The project paper will be evaluated both by the supervisor and an external evaluator.

Students should carry out the research project work or internship ln the final (8th) semester which bears 8 credit hours. During this project work period, students have to present the mid-term progress and submit interim (progress) reports to their advisors/supervisors along with a letter, from institutions where they carry out their field (project) work. If the students carry out project work in a National Park or Community Forest or in any organization, they should have certification letter from the concerned park or community forest user committee testifying their presence doing field work. Students are required to submit this letter along with their final report.


Evaluation System

 The project paper will be evaluated by the supervisor and an external evaluator. Fifty percent weightage is allocated for supervisor and the remaining fifty percent for external evaluator/s.

The interns have to present their progress report to the supervisor’. The weightage for the interim report presentation is 50 marks. The remaining final internship report (for 150 marks) will be evaluated by internal supervisor and external evaluator/s. The weightage for both its internal and external evaluator/s will be equal