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Master Degree Programs

The IOF-PC runs Master Degree Programs in different areas with an objective to produce well-trained and practically equipped human resources that can be instrumental in protection, conservation, and management of forests and other natural resources of the country and the world. Specifically these programs are run:

  1. To produce high level technical professionals who can provide services according to the needs of various clients (government, semi-government,and private companies/industries).
  2. To produce self-reliant and practically oriented resource managers who can initiate their own enterprises in the area of forestry and forest based industries and also provide consultancy services to other interested individuals and organizations.
  3. To utilize under-used resources of the IOF and explore other potential resources and make IOF as a center of excellence in the area of teaching, research and extension in forestry.
  4. To develop professional relationships with various organizations(Government, bilateral and multilateral forestry projects in Nepal), donor agencies, and other in-country and out-country academic and research institutions.

Names of the Master’s Degrees

  1. Master of Science in Forestry
  2. Master of Science in Natural Resource Management and Rural Development (NRMRD)
  3. Master of Science in Watershed Management (WM)

Course Duration and Academic Session

All the M. Sc. programs are two-yearlong, four-semester programs. Students will have to take courses in the first three semester sand carry out research and write a thesis in the fourth semester. However, they are required to start planning their thesis work right from the second semester in consultation with the Advisory Committee.

Student Intake

M.Sc. (Forestry)

A total of 25 + 1 seats are available in M.Sc. Forestry program of study at the IOF-PC. These seats are allocated as follows:

  1. Low tuition fee: 18 seats
  2. High tuition fee: 7 seats
  3. One seat for IOF staff.

M.Sc. (Watershed Management)

 A total of 15+ 1 seats are available in M.Sc. Watershed Management program.These seats are allocated as follows:

  1. Low tuition fee: 12 seats
  2. High Tuition fee: 3 seats
  3. One seat for IOF staff

 M.Sc. (Natural Resource Management and Rural Development)

A total of l5+1 seat are available in Natural Resource Management & Rural Development program. These seats are allocated as follows:

  1. Low Tuition fee: 10 seats
  2. High Tuition fee: 5 seats
  3. One seat for IOF staff

 Admission Requirements

 1. Master of Science in Forestry

An applicant must have at least a 3 years B.Sc. Forestry degree from Tribhuvan University (TU) or any university recognized by the TU.

 2. Master of Science in Watershed Management (WM)

An applicant must have at least a 3 years B.Sc. Forestry degree or B.Sc.Agriculture or B.Sc. Environmental Science or B.Sc. Environmental Management or BE (Civil Engineering)or B.E. (Agriculture Engineering)or B.E. (Environmental Engineering)or B.Sc.Degree majoring in Soil or Geology  or Hydrology or Metrology, from T.U. or any university recognized by TU.

 3. Master of Science in Natural Resource Management and Rural Development (NRMRD)

An applicant must have at least a 3 years B.Sc. Forestry degree or B.Sc. Natural

Resource management or B.Sc. Environmental Science or B.Sc. Environmental Management or B.Sc. Agriculture or B.E. (Agriculture Engineering) from T.U. or any university recognized by TU.

To be eligible in all these programs,foreign applicants should have studied their undergraduate courses in English medium. Staff seats are reserved only for IOF staff members who have B.Sc.degree in one of the above mentioned subjects. Senior faculty members will get priority. However,all applicants who apply for admission in these programs must pass the entrance examination administered by the IOF.

 Admission Procedure

Interested and eligible candidates can apply for admission to the M.Sc. programs by filling out the prescribed application forms and submitting the documents and credentials as mentioned below. Application forms and program brochures are available upon request for Rs. 200.00 (Two Hundred Rupees only) by the Nepalese citizens. Nepalese applicants have to pay an entrance examination fee of Rs. 1500.00 with application. Foreign nationals have to pay US $ 25.00 at the time of submission of application. The completed application along with the documents and credentials should reach the Admission Committee in advance.

Required Documents and Credentials

  1. Academic transcript of B.Sc. degree in respective fields. In case an applicant is a graduate of a university other than Tribhuvan University, he/she has to submit a certificate of migration and a certificate of recognition and equivalence of his/her educational qualification from Curriculum Development Centre, TU.
  2. Character Certificate
  3. Citizenship certificate for Nepalese candidates
  4. Three recent passport sized photographs
  5. Candidates for the IOF staff seat must submit a no objection certificate from his/her Campus Chief and must be officially nominated by the IOF.
  6. Candidates from other countries must have a financial support affidavit.

 Entrance Examination

Nepalese applicants have to take a three-hour long entrance examination. The questions asked in this examination are of multiple choice objective types, based on forestry and natural resource management courses of B.Sc. Forestry program. Full marks for the examination are 300 and an applicant must secure a minimum of 40% (120 marks) marks to pass the test. The final merit list of applicants will be prepared by adding 20% marks of the B.Sc. Degree to 80% of the marks obtained by the candidates in the entrance examination. Names of candidates who pass the entrance test will appear in the result list in merit order. Foreign applicants will be selected on the basis of their grades secured in the B.Sc. Degree. In case the seats reserved for foreign students remain vacant, these will be considered the high-tuition fee seats for Nepalese applicants. Candidates will be selected on the basis of their merit. In case the seats in high tuition fee remain vacant, successful Nepalese applicants who have applied for low tuition fee will be given an opportunity for admission, if s/he agrees to pay the high tuition fee.

 Advisory System

An advisory committee of two to three members (one Major Advisor and one/two Co-Advisors) will be formed by the M.Sc. Management Committee to guide research and thesis works of individual students after the students are admitted in the second semester. At least one faculty member with Ph.D. degree in related discipline or with at least Master’s Degree in related discipline and with teaching or research experience of at least 10 years will be assigned as major advisor of each student. One to two co-advisors with master degree in related discipline and work experience within or outside IOF/TU will be nominated to guide the research and thesis work. The committee, in consultation with the concerned department and the student, will decide the major advisor for each student’s research and thesis work.

 Evaluation and Examination System

In order to successfully complete the M.Sc. course of study and to pass it, students must secure a minimum of 40% marks in theory, practical and term papers separately. A term paper will be assigned in the subjects having no practical, which will carry 20% of the total weightage of the theory course. Thesis will be evaluated by an internal examiner (advisor) and an external examiner. Thesis will be evaluated on the basis of following criteria:

Description                                         Percentile

Excellent                                             80% and above

Very good                                           65% to less than 80%

Good                                                   50% to less than 65%

Fair                                                      40% to less than 50%

Note: Examiners will have to give reasons for marks below 50% and above 80%.

Students must take a written test in each subject at the end of the semester. After successful completion of the course, student’s performance will be evaluated on the basis of the following criteria:

Description                                         Percentile

Distinction                                          80% and above

First Division                                      65% to less than 80%

Second Division                                  50% to less than 65%

Pass                                                     40% to less than 50%

Award of Degree

A student will become eligible for the award of M.Sc. Degree only when s/he completes all the course requirements prescribed by the IOF. No partial degree shall be awarded, in case a student fails to fulfill the requirements. After successful completion of the prescribed program of study, the Examination Board, Tribhuvan University, shall issue an official academic transcript.

Attendance requirement

Seventy percent attendance in each theory class and hundred percent attendances in practical classes are mandatory for all M.Sc. programs.

Fee Structure

The following fee structure is applicable in the M.Sc. program of study at the IOF.

 

S.No. Particulars Amount (NRs)
Year 1     Year 2
1. Registration Fee 1500 ———-
2. Low tuition Fee @ NRs. 25000 Per semester 50,000 50,000
3. High tuition fee for Nepalese students @ NRs 70,000 per semester 1,40,000 1,40,000
4. High tuition fee for foreign students @ US$ 1,625 per semester US$ 3,250 US$ 3,250
5. Examination fee per semester@ NRS 2,500 5,000 5,000
6. Hostel fee per semester @ NRS 4,000 (if provided) 8,000 8,000
7. Library fee per semester @ 1,000 2,000 2,000
8. Internet/Computer fee per semester @ NRs 3,000 6,000 6,000
9. Student welfare fee 500 ———-
10. Institutional development fee 2,000
11. Thesis defense fee 5,000

Notes:

  1. Additional fees, on actual cost basis, will be charged for GIS course from all the students other than the full-fee or high-fee paying ones. Similarly, additional fees, on actual cost basis, will be charged for practical exercises in elective courses, when offered to all students other than the full-fee paying or high-fee paying ones.
  2. Selected candidates have to arrange their own accommodation. Currently, the hostel facility is not available at the IOF.
  3. Fee Structure is subject to change.

 

Course Curricula and Organization

Courses offered in M.Sc. Programs

S.N. Subjects Course Code Credit Hours
1. Non-Timber Forest Products (NTFP) FPE  701 2
2. Community  Forestry and Governance SFM 702 2
3. Natural Resource Economics SFM 703 2
4. Global Environmental Change WME 704 2
5. Advance Silviculture SFB 705 2
6. Biodiversity Conservation and Protected

area Management

PWM 706

 

2
7. Economics of Development and Finance SFM 707 3
8. Society, Culture and Forestry SFM 708 2
9. Watershed Management WME 709 3
10. Soil Genesis and Geomorphology WME 710 2
11. Agroforestry SFB 751 2
12.  ` Statistical Method and Data Management SFM 752 3
13. Ecotourism Planning and Management PWM 753 2
14. Sustainable Forest Management SFM 754 3
15. Biometrics SFM 755 2
16. Wildlife Biology PWM 756 2
17. Rural Development SFM 757 3
18. Conservation and Rural Development SFM 758 2
19. Soil Conservation Engineering and Watershed Rehabilitation WME 759 2
20. Land Evaluation and Land Use Planning WME 760 2
21. Research Methodology and Participatory Action Research SFM 801 2
22. Geographical Information Science WME 802 4
23. Advance Forest Ecology SFB 803 2
24. Watershed Hydrological Issues WME 804 2
25. Project Management SFM 805 2
26. Forest Protection SFB 806 2
27. Bio-energy FPE 807 2
28. Programming C++ FPE 808 2
29. Conflict Management in NRM SFM 809 2
30. Experiential Learning SFM 810 2

 

M. Sc. in Forestry

S.N. Course Code Course Title Credit Hours
First Semester
1. FPE 701 Non-timber Forest Products 2
2. SFM 702 Community Forestry and Governance 2
3. SFM 703 Natural Resource Economics 2
4. WME 704 Global Environmental Change 2
5. SFB 705 Advance Silviculture 2
6. PWM 706 Biodiversity Conservation and Protected Area Management 2
                          Semester Credit Hours 12
    Second Semester  
7. SFB 751 Agroforestry 2
8. SFM 752 Statistical Method and Data Management 3
9. PWM 753 Ecotourism Planning and Management 2
10. SFM 754 Sustainable Forest Management 3
11. SFM 755 Biometrics 2
12. PWM 756 Wildlife Biology 2
                          Semester Credit Hours 14
Third Semester
13. SFM 801 Research Methodology and Participatory Action Research 2
14. WME 802 Geographical Information Science 4
15. SFB 803 Advance Forest Ecology 2
16. SFM 805 Project Management* 2
17. SFB 806 Forest Protection 2
18. FPE 807 Bio-energy* 2
19. FPE 808 Programming C++* 2
20. SFM 810 Experiential Learning * 2
21. R & T 851 Seminar I (Proposal Presentation) 1
                         Semester Credit Hours 13
Fourth Semester
22. R&T 852 Thesis 10
23. R&T 853 Seminar II (Thesis Defense) 1
    Semester Credit Hours 11
Total Credit Hours 50

*Elective Courses (any two courses are required for registration from the group of elective courses)

An elective course will be offered only when at least seven students registered for the course.

 

M.Sc. in NRMRD

S.N. Course Code Course Title Credit Hours
First Semester
1. FPE 701 Non-timber Forest Products 2
2. SFM 702 Community Forestry and Governance 2
3. SFM 703 Natural Resource Economics 2
4. WME 704 Global Environmental Change 2
5. SFM 707 Economics of Development and Finance 2
6. SFM 708 Society, Culture and Forestry 2
                          Semester Credit Hours 12
    Second Semester  
7. SFB 751 Agroforestry 2
8. SFM 752 Statistical Method and Data Management 3
9. PWM 753 Ecotourism Planning and Management 2
10. SFM 754 Sustainable Forest Management 3
11. SFM 757 Rural Development 2
12. SFM 758 Conservation and Rural Development 2
                          Semester Credit Hours 14
Third Semester
13. SFM 801 Research Methodology and Participatory Action Research 2
14. WME 802 Geographical Information Science 4
15. SFM 805 Project Management* 2
16. FPE 807 Bio-energy* 2
17. FPE 808 Programming C++* 2
18. SFM 809 Conflict Management in NRM* 2
19. SFM 810 Experiential Learning* 2
20. R & T 851 Seminar I (Proposal Presentation) 1
                         Semester Credit Hours 13
Fourth Semester
21. R&T 852 Thesis 10
22. R&T 853 Seminar II (Thesis Defense) 1
                          Semester Credit Hours 11
  Total Credit Hours 50

*Elective Courses (any two courses are required for registration from the group of elective courses)

An elective course will be offered only when at least seven students registered for the course.

 

M.Sc. in Watershed Management

S.N. Course Code Course Title Credit Hours
First Semester
1. FPE 701 Non-timber Forest Products 2
2. SFM 702 Community Forestry and Governance 2
3. SFM 703 Natural Resource Economics 2
4. WME 704 Global Environmental Change 2
5. WME 709 Watershed Management 3
6. WME 710 Soil Genesis and Geomorphology 2
                          Semester Credit Hours 13
    Second Semester  
7. SFB 751 Agroforestry 2
8. SFM 752 Statistical Method and Data Management 3
9. SFM 757 Rural Development 2
10. SFM 758 Conservation and Rural Development 2
11. WME 759 Soil Conservation Engineering and Watershed Rehabilitation 2
12. WME 760 Land Evaluation and Land Use Planning 2
                          Semester Credit Hours 13
Third Semester
13. SFM 801 Research Methodology and Participatory Action Research 2
14. WME 802 Geographical Information Science 4
15. WME 804 Watershed Hydrological Issues 2
16. SFM 805 Project Management* 2
17. FPE 807 Bio-energy* 2
18. FPE 808 Programming C++* 2
19. SFM 810 Experiential Learning* 2
20. R & T 851 Seminar I (Proposal Presentation) 1
                         Semester Credit Hours 13
Fourth Semester
21. R&T 852 Thesis 10
22. R&T 853 Seminar II (Thesis Defense) 1
                      Semester Credit Hours 11
  Total Credit Hours 50

*Elective Courses (Any two courses are required for registration from the group of elective courses)

An elective course will be offered only when at least seven students registered for the course.

Notes:

  1. Any one of the above programs may be suspended if less than 5 students are enrolled.
  2. One Credit Unit earned in 20 lecture hours or its equivalent work, carries 25 full marks.
  3. One Lecture Hour is of one-hour duration.

Seminar consists of oral presentation.

Seminar- 1: Each student presents the rationale, objectives and methodology and

demonstrates the capability of conducting research on the selected topic.

Seminar- 2: Each student defends his/her research and thesis.

  1. Each student will choose his/her research topic, prepare a research proposal on it and submit it at the Seminar (851) in the third semester. He/she must submit the final proposal no later than the first day of the fourth semester and carry out the research work during this semester according to their accepted research proposal. Research and Thesis work (852) will be graded in the fourth semester. He/she must defend his/her thesis in a final Seminar (S53) as a part of the evaluation.
  2. Finding the financial and material resources for the research work will be the responsibility of the students themselves.

 

The Credit System

Each subject will be assigned certain credits. One credit unit, earned in 20 lecture hours or its equivalent work, carries 25 full marks. One lecture hour may normally requires an hour lecture, three to five hours of laboratory work or its equivalent of field practical work. A graduate student will earn a total of 50 credits (minimum 38 credits of course work and 12 credits for Research and Thesis) for successful completion of the Master of Science Degree requirements.

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